Nelson Mandela

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Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
Nelson Mandela 1994.jpg
Riegádansuoidnemánu 18. beaivvi 1918:s(1918-07-18)[1][2][…]
Jápmánjuovlamánu 5. beaivvi 2013:s(2013-12-05)[6][3][…] (95)
HávdiQunu
ČearddalašvuohtaThembu tribe[d]
Riikkavulošvuohta
Bargu
Ámmátpolitihkkár, autobiographer (en) Translate, advokáhta ja political activist (en) Translate
Giellaeaŋgalsgiella ja Xhosa (en) Translate
BálkkašumitJawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding (en) Translate, Nobel ráfibálkkašupmi, Grandmaster of the Order of Good Hope (en) Translate, Platinum Order of Mapungubwe (en) Translate, Gold Olympic Order, Order of Lenin (en) Translate, Princess of Asturias Award for International Cooperation (en) Translate, Presidential Medal of Freedom (en) Translate, Grand Cross of the Order of the Aztec Eagle (en) Translate, Order of the Elephant (en) Translate, Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau (en) Translate, Grand Cross of the National Order of Mali (en) Translate, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Olav‎ (en) Translate, Royal Order of the Seraphim (en) Translate, Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise, 1st class (en) Translate, Order of Merit (en) Translate, Order of Saint John (en) Translate, honorary Canadian citizenship (en) Translate, Lenin Peace Prize (en) Translate, Sakharov Prize (en) Translate, Honorary Companion of the Order of Canada (en) Translate, Collar of the Order of Isabella the Catholic‎ (en) Translate, Order of Augusto César Sandino (en) Translate, Mo Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership (en) Translate, Bruno Kreisky Award for Services to Human Rights (en) Translate, United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights (en) Translate, Félix Houphouët-Boigny Peace Prize (en) Translate, Four Freedoms Award - Freedom Medal (en) Translate, Philadelphia Liberty Medal (en) Translate, Bharat Ratna (en) Translate, Al-Gaddafi International Prize for Human Rights (en) Translate, Giuseppe Motta Medal (en) Translate, Arthur Ashe Courage Award (en) Translate, Ludovic-Trarieux International Human Rights Prize (en) Translate, Ahimsa Award (en) Translate, Delta Prize for Global Understanding (en) Translate, Grand Collar of the Order of Prince Henry (en) Translate, Ambassador of Conscience Award (en) Translate, Congressional Gold Medal (en) Translate, Order of the Nile (en) Translate, Order of Friendship (en) Translate, Fulbright Prize (en) Translate, Gandhi ráfibálkkašupmi, International Simón Bolívar Prize (en) Translate, Order of Friendship (en) Translate, Star of People's Friendship (en) Translate, honorary doctor of the University of Madrid Complutense (en) Translate, Order of the Companions of O. R. Tambo (en) Translate, Isitwalandwe Medal (en) Translate, Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal (en) Translate, Order of Stara Planina (en) Translate, Nishan-e-Pakistan, Order of Playa Girón (en) Translate, Order of José Martí (en) Translate, Order of Jamaica (en) Translate, Order of the Star of Ghana (en) Translate, Order of the Smile (en) Translate, Order of Agostinho Neto (en) Translate, honorary doctor of the Autonomous University of Barcelona (en) Translate, honorary citizen of Paris (en) Translate, honorary doctorate of the University of Las Palmas, Gran Canaria (en) Translate, Alan Paton Award, honorary doctor of the University of Hong Kong (en) Translate, honorary doctor of the Peking University (en) Translate, Grand Cross of the Order of Liberty (en) Translate, Honorary Doctor at Karolinska Institutet (en) Translate, honorary doctor of the University of Calcutta (en) Translate, honorary doctor of the University of Pretoria (en) Translate, honorary doctor of Leiden University (en) Translate, Bailiff Grand Cross of the Order of Saint John (en) Translate, Honorary Companion of the Order of Australia (en) Translate, honorary doctor of the Howard University (en) Translate ja Order of the Lion
Bearaš
VáhnematNosekeni Fanny (en) Translate ja Laureano Chiofalo (en) Translate
GuoibmiEvelyn Mase (en) Translate, Winnie Madikizela-Mandela (en) Translate ja Graça Machel
MánátMakgatho Mandela, Makaziwe Mandela, Zenani Mandela-Dlamini, Thembekile Mandela ja Zindzi Mandela
Lassedieđut
VuolláičálusNelson Mandela Signature.svg
Ruovttusiiduhttps://www.nelsonmandela.org
Commons-logo.svg Nelson Mandela
Wikimedia Commonsas

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (r. suoidnemánu 18. b. 1918, Mvezo, Lulli-Afrihkká, j. juovlamánu 5. b. 2013, Johannesburg) lei xhosa-álbmoga thembu-čerdii gullevaš lulliafrihkálaš politihkkár. Son lei guovddáš olmmoš apartheid-politihka vuostálastimis, ja lei fáŋgejuvvon 27 jagi ovdal go beasai luovos jagis 1990[8]. Jagis 1993 son oaččui Nobel ráfibálkkašumi ovttas daláš presideanta Frederik Willem de Klerkiin[9], ja jagi maŋŋel, jagis 1994 son šattai Lulli-Afrihká vuosttaš álbmotválljen ja vuosttaš čáhppes presideantan. Mandela šattai birra máilmmi dehálaš friddjavuođa ja dásseárvvu symbolan.

Buohcceviessu ja jápmin[rievdat | edit source]

Jagis 1988 go Mandela lei giddagasas, sutnje lei njommon tuberkulosa.[10] Geassemánus 2013 Mandela ožžo geahpesinfekšuvnna ja gárttai buohccevissui. Suoidnemánus doaktárat muitaledje ahte Mandela lea komas ja ahte ja mašiinnat sáhttet jáddadit.[11] Čakčamánus Mandela sirdejuvvui ruoktot[12] mis son jámii 95-jahkásažžan juovlamánu 5. b. 2013.[13]

Bálkkašumit[rievdat | edit source]

Gáldut[rievdat | edit source]

  1. 1,0 1,1 Mandela N. Long Walk to Freedom: The Autobiography of Nelson Mandela — 1 — Little, Brown, 1995. — P. 3. — ISBN 978-0-316-54818-2
  2. Smith D. R. Nelson Mandela, South Africa's first black president, dies aged 95The Guardian, 2013.
  3. 3,0 3,1 Bibliothèque nationale de France идентификатор BNF: платформа открытых данных — 2011.
  4. Ex-wife challenges Nelson Mandela's will, demands homesteadLos Angeles Times, 2014.
  5. http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/thereporters/andrewharding/2010/06/south_africa_world_cup_mandla.html
  6. http://www.famousbirthdays.com/people/nelson-mandela.html
  7. Nelson Mandela Dead: Former South African President Has Died At 95Business Insider, 2013.
  8. Strand, Torill ja Strand, Mary (čállit), Solbakk, Aage (doaim.): Servodatoahppu 8-10, s. 95. Kárášjohka: ČálliidLágádus, 2014. ISBN: 978-82-8263153-2. Girjji interneahtaveršuvdna (referánsabeaivi 07.04.2018).
  9. Nobel ráfibálkkašupmi 2013 10.12.2013: Norgga gonagasviessu. Čujuhuvvon 04.04.2018.
  10. Kokkonen, Yrjö. Mandelan tila edelleen vakava 09.06.2013: Yle Uutiset. Čujuhuvvon 06.12.2013. (suomagillii)
  11. Nelson Mandela 'in permanent vegetative state' 05.07.2013: news.com.au. Čujuhuvvon 04.04.2018. (eaŋgalsgillii)
  12. Nelson Mandela released from hospital 1.9.2013: cnn.com. Čujuhuvvon 6.12.2013. (eaŋgalsgillii)
  13. Stenberg Partapuoli, Ann Catrin. ”Nelson Mandela lea mearkkašan ollu álgoálbmogiidda” 06.12.2013: Sameradion ja SVT Sápmi. Čujuhuvvon 04.04.2018.